Carl Jung (1875-1961) a Swiss psychologist studied the random differences in people’s behaviour and called it the theory of psychological type.
He found that there was a series of patterns and it provided an explanation as to how types develop. Differences occurred he discovered when your mind was active or if you are involved in one or more mental activities. He discovered that some use their minds by taking in information (perceiving) whilst others organise the information and come to conclusions (judging).
Jung also observed that if you are perceiving the information you either sensing it, or using intuition. There were also two opposite ways of coming to a conclusion or judging, you either used thinking or feeling.
Everyone uses these four processes daily, but they are either used in the internal world or the external world (introversion or extraversion).
Therefore Jung concluded that there were eight different ways of using your mind, but everybody has a preferred way and he also believed that everybody was born with their preference.
Katherine Briggs (1875-1968) and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers (1897-1980) wanted to design a questionnaire that would be understandable in everyday life but would explain Jung’s theory of psychological type. Both were keen observers of human personality but neither were trained psychologists. However they made it their life’s work to study and elaborate Jung’s theory. Initially they used their family for testing but prompted by the waste of human potential in World War II, Myers began developing an Indicator so it was accessible to a wide range of individuals.
After more than 50 years of research and development the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was created and is still one of the most widely used instruments for understanding normal personality differences.
It is a self report questionnaire because Myers and Briggs believed that nobody knew you better than yourself. They both believed that understanding your psychological type or your MBTI profile was a unique gift.
These gifts would be:-
- Identification of your strengths
- Understanding of your motivations
- Recognising potential areas of growth
- Appreciation and understanding of those that differ from you
- Enhanced co-operation and productivity
Today more than 3.5 million Indicators are administered annually worldwide.
The Oxford Psychologists Press (OPP) in the UK is responsible for accrediting individuals with the Indicator and publishing any materials related to the Indicator.
The MBTI is used in the following areas:-
- Self development
- Career development
- Relationship counselling
- Academic counselling
- Organisation development
- Problem Solving
- Management and Leadership
- Education and course development
- Training in diversity and multicultural awareness
Please give nuggets a call and we will arrange a Myers Briggs workshop – 01483 898936